China‘s demographic has changed dramatically since it introduced its one child policy (the trend for sexual selection with many female children aborted in preference to male children) in 1976 in a bid to increase its chances of economic growth.
In 2004 this article from World News predicted that:
“In eight to 10 years, we will have something like 40 to 60 million missing women,” he said, adding that it will have “enormous implications” for China’s prostitution industry and human trafficking.”
The concern about human trafficking refers to the practice of men potentially trying to ‘buy’ a wife, and with competition so fierce women have become a valuable commodity, but not for the right reasons. China is now realising that there are not enough women to sustain the nation heading into the future. The lack of women as a result of China’s one child policy and parents preference for boy children now has serious impacts on a the ability to marry, with men already outnumbering women some say by as much as 35 million.
A significant issue that China’s child bearing capacity into the future will be severely limited and could lead to factory farms where women are inseminated as breeders instead of having the freedom to take part freely in the development of their the country. It is also feared that low-income young men will turn to violence in a bid to secure a female. Worse still is the potential for a grossly male dominated driven agenda that could further marginalise and limit gender balance from women.
The traditional feminised workforce of carer’s and support workers, ( traditionally female) are now in short supply and the fear is that as China heads into the future this largely unpaid carer workforce will be much reduced putting further pressure on their economy.
The result is an impact on the economy based on earlier gender biased polices that highly valued one gender over the other and this has resulted in short-term gain with China’s economic boom, but there are serious problems in the future if the one child policies are not changed.
- China: Unnatural Selection (fassmumbai.wordpress.com)
Gender Economics is a term that I am using to describe the economics of gender, or economies built around gender consumption – it is a sub set of Integrity Management Methodology because it relates to culture and social responsibility.
This is a new field but it is an important aspect of our social and business climate today and certainly very important as we move into the future. With the number of economic collapses mounting (Greece, Ireland to name a couple), we need to be aware of all our available resources and methods to build stable economies, and stable and sustainable businesses. In the gender economy, we have reduced portions of the population to merely passive consumers, making indirect economic input rather than direct input. Stabilising the balance between indirect and direct impact has a role developing our economic future.
Some examples of the Gender Economy
- In less enlightened times and still in some cultures today, preference is given to male born children. Whilst the thinking around why this happens may be complex, at a base level, male children were seen as more productive than females. For cultures that depend on agriculture or manual labour, a strong male child is seen as an asset that will directly and positively affect financial outcomes for families and communities. However, a female may be seen as dependent, and not valued in terms of her contribution, and so she is given little input to decision making.
- In modern advertising, gender is often targeted and an example is the car industry, previously a male dominated industry with cars designed by men primarily for men. This industry has come to recognise that the bulk of all new car purchases were largely influenced by, if not decided by, women. This has lead to a change in focus by car manufacturers with offerings like designer styles, practicality and family friendly advertisements. In this case, women have moved from being seen as indirect decision makers through simple consumption, to direct decision makers who therefore directly impact the economy of the car manufacturing industry.
- Impact on economy – Direct versus Indirect
Currently, most women are seen as consumers, with only an indirect impact on the economy. The Gender Economy is about recognising this and devising ways to shift the impact to a more Direct impact on the economy.